Saturday, June 2, 2012

Types of Logos: Logo-102


Hi friends this is my second post on logos. The first one was a tutorial on designing the logo of ‘Design Club IIT Madras’. I hope you have tried that and learned something out of it. There are no pre-requisites to Logo-102 and there are no tests, quizzes or Endsems. So just sit back, relax and know some facts about logos so that next time when the topic is raised, even you can participate in the discussion.
A logo is the visual representation of a company/brands values, beliefs and functions. It serves as the first recognition point for any entity looking to build awareness of their brand. I prefer calling it the simpler and aesthetic version of something. Instead of having the human mind remember a name or face, a unique and well thought out logo does a much better job. A great example of logo design is the McDonald’s logo, one of the most known logos in the world. It is a brand so powerful, young children instantly recognize the golden arches (some can’t even read). The beauty of the logo lies behind it’s simplicity and use of color which creates an instant visual representation of the corporation. Some people even go as far as to believe that red and yellow elicit hunger. You be the judge on that one.

Today, when I was googling types of logos, I came across many search results which said ‘3 basic type’, ‘5 basic type’ etc. After going through all the posts, I could classify the logos in four basic types. Let us have a look at some examples of each type.

Brandmark Logos

This type of symbol represents the company in a simple but bold manner. Most often represented through an abstract design. Usually, the ideas and concept behind the logo are complex, yet are represented in the simplest form possible. Examples of a brandmark include Shell, Mercedes-Benz, Volkswagen, MSN, Apple etc. The human mind can easily remember a simple form better than a complex one. It is best to use a brandmark symbol if you plan on building a global brand and have the funds to back it up. In order for a symbol to be a truly effective logo, it should conform to these maxims:
  • Instantaneously recognizable.
  •  Memorable.
  • Clarity when reproduced in small sizes.

Wordmark Logos

Wordmark Logos incorporate the brand name into a uniquely styled type font treatment. Type fonts come in thousands of possible variations, shapes, sizes, and styles, each conveying a slightly different impression upon the intended audience. Technology companies usually use this type of logo, as stylized text looks best on electronics and expresses the sophistication of a company. Examples of a wordmark include Google, Sony, Samsung, Microsoft, Coca Cola, Disney, FedEx etc. 

Lettermark Logos

These logos are exclusively typographic. The lettermark uses the company name written out, yet has a symbol representing the company through the use of its initials or the brands first letter. The best usage for this type of logo depends on many different variables such as; the initials can graphically illustrate the company better than the full name, the name is too long, hard to pronounce, or is just not distinct enough to carry its own weight. Some common Examples are HP, IBM, Honda, Hyundai, Suzuki, GE etc. 

Combination Mark

They are combinations of a Brandmark and Wordmark logos. The purpose of the combination mark is to create an identity that embodies a given company through the use of a symbol and type treatment. In certain situations and with proper investment of time & money, a strong combination mark can use its symbol to represent the company without the use of text. Great examples include; Mc Donalds, Mexicana Airlines, Bank of America, AT&T, Pringles etc.










83 comments:

  1. Nice and informative. Keep it up! A few nitpiks though
    1) When you are posting as "the design club IITM", why the "I"?
    2) Shouldn't the Volkswagon logo be in the lettermark section rather than the brandmark one?

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    Replies
    1. @Sujeet Gholap: WE will surely take care of that next time:) Regarding the Volkswagen Logo, in a way, yes. But since the 'V' and 'W' in the logo are not in their usual forms probably that is why it is still counted as a Brand Mark Logo.

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  2. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

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  3. I really don't understand what all people can do for SEO - you want backlinks atleast post it in relevant blogs where people might be interested
    @admin - please moderate comments so that people don't spam us with ads.
    @admin - great work ... it would be great if we could do the same thing with gimp - it will help the guys with ubuntu.

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    Replies
    1. Thanks a lot for your interest in Design Club IIT Madras. We will surely try and post some relevant tutorials on Gimp as well.

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  4. this is what you do at IIT M ??

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    1. Yes..! Creativity is inevitable in a place like IIT;)

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